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Thailand publishes transfer pricing disclosure form

Executive summary

The Thailand Revenue Department (TRD) published the Transfer Pricing Disclosure Form (Disclosure Form) on 18 November 2019.1 Taxpayers with revenue of at least THB200 million (US$6.6 million)2 are required to provide information regarding their related-party relationships and the value of related party transactions on the Disclosure Form.3

The Disclosure Form applies to taxable years beginning on or after 1 January 2019 and must be submitted by 150 days following the year end; accordingly, for calendar year entities, it is due by 29 May 2020.

Detailed discussion

Key information required by the Disclosure Form includes:

1. Related-party information, including names and tax identification numbers for Thai entities, country of incorporation for foreign entities, and whether each related party has transactions with the filing entity.

2. Information regarding any related party transactions,4 including the names of the counterparties, the amounts of the transactions classified into operating revenue,5 other income, purchases of raw materials/goods, acquisition of land, buildings and equipment, other expenses (further classified into royalty/management fee/technical service fee/commission fee, interest expense, and other expenses), and balances of loans receivable and payable as of the fiscal year end.

3. Other declarations include whether:

  1. The filing entity is required to prepare consolidated financial statements under accounting standards and if so, the consolidated revenue amount.
  2. The filing entity has undertaken business restructuring with its related party(ies) during the fiscal year. If yes, whether the business restructuring increased or decreased revenue, cost of goods sold or services, or gross margin of the filing entity.
  3. The filing entity transferred intangible assets to its related party(ies).

4. Certification6 that all information is true and correct and is supported by accounting evidence.

The TRD may use information from the Disclosure Form to identify companies for transfer pricing tax audits. Thai companies should review their Thai transfer pricing positions and documentation to ensure the arm’s-length principle is supported.

Endnotes

1. In accordance with the new Transfer Pricing Act, see EY Global Tax Alerts, Thailand enacts Transfer Pricing Act, dated 3 December 2018.

2. The term “related parties” is defined as two or more legal entities with one of the following relationships:

i. One party directly or indirectly holds 50% or more of the capital of the other.

ii. The same shareholder directly or indirectly holds 50% or more of the capital of both parties.

iii. The parties have a dependent relationship through participation in capital, management, or control of the other entity, as defined in the Ministerial Regulations.

3. The Disclosure Form can be retrieved from the Revenue Department website.

4. No details of transaction reporting thresholds have been released.

5. Operating revenue includes revenue from sales, services, commission fees, and similar items.

6. By the director, partner or manager, as applicable.

EYG no. 005392-19Gbl

Download this Tax Alert as a PDF file.

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